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Mississippi

Welcome to the legal pages for the great state of Mississippi.

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Links to Legal Pages Based on State

  • Section 89-7-1 - Goods not to be removed until rent paid

  • Section 89-7-3 - Tenant not bound to pay rent for, or to restore, buildings destroyed; exception

  • Section 89-7-5 - Action for use and occupation where there is no contract

  • Section 89-7-7 - Remedy by action for rent in arrear

  • Section 89-7-9 - Death of tenant for life; apportionment of rent

  • Section 89-7-11 - Rent assets in hands of personal representative

  • Section 89-7-13 - Executor or administrator may sue or distrain

  • Section 89-7-15 - Rights of assignees of lessor

  • Section 89-7-17 - Grants of rents, good without attornment

  • Section 89-7-19 - Attornment of tenant to stranger void; exception

  • Section 89-7-21 - Rights of lessees against assignees of lessor

  • Section 89-7-23 - Notice to terminate tenancy

  • Section 89-7-25 - Tenant holding after notice liable for double rent

  • Section 89-7-27 - Proceedings against tenant holding over

  • Section 89-7-29 - Affidavit to remove

  • Section 89-7-31 - Issuance of summons; notice that landlord may dispose of tenant's personal property if judge awards exclusive possession of premises

  • Section 89-7-33 - Service of summons

  • Section 89-7-34

  • Section 89-7-35 - Issuance of warrant for removal

  • Section 89-7-37 - Defense may be made

  • Section 89-7-39 - Continuances, subpoenas

  • Section 89-7-41 - [Repealed]

  • Section 89-7-43 - Judgment for defendant

  • Section 89-7-45 - [Repealed]

  • Section 89-7-47 - Record, appeals

  • Section 89-7-49 - Proceedings when tenant deserts premises

  • Section 89-7-51 - Lien of landlord

  • Section 89-7-53 - Lien for live stock, implements and vehicles

  • Section 89-7-55 - Attachment for rent and supplies; who entitled to and for what

  • Section 89-7-57 - How obtained

  • Section 89-7-59 - Before whom complaint made

  • Section 89-7-61 - Writ

  • Section 89-7-63 - Form of affidavit

  • Section 89-7-65 - Form of bond

  • Section 89-7-67 - Form of the writ

  • Section 89-7-69 - Goods sold if not replevied

  • Section 89-7-71 - Form of bond for payment of rent

  • Section 89-7-73 - Bond delivered to lessor, and proceedings thereon

  • Section 89-7-75 - Remedy when claim not due in certain cases

  • Section 89-7-77 - Goods removed before debt due, distrained

  • Section 89-7-79 - Goods removed, seized within thirty days

  • Section 89-7-81 - Distress may be made after termination of lease

  • Section 89-7-83 - Sale of goods stopped without bond

  • Section 89-7-85 - Distress to be reasonable, and property seized not to be removed from county

  • Section 89-7-87 - Irregularities not to affect distress

  • Section 89-7-89 - How goods replevied

  • Section 89-7-91 - Summons or publication for party distraining

  • Section 89-7-93 - Form of replevin-bond

  • Section 89-7-95 - Party replevying to propound claim

  • Section 89-7-97 - Form of declaration

  • Section 89-7-99 - Pleas to the declaration

  • Section 89-7-101 - The avowry

  • Section 89-7-103 - The replication

  • Section 89-7-105 - Replication in case rent not due

  • Section 89-7-107 - Replevin; when triable, and judgment upon default

  • Section 89-7-109 - Suit revived in case of death of party

  • Section 89-7-111 - Judgment if trial results against lessor

  • Section 89-7-113 - Papers transferred, if returned to wrong court

  • Section 89-7-115 - Tenant's remedy against landlord

  • Section 89-7-117 - Property of strangers not liable

  • Section 89-7-119 - Replevin of property by strangers

  • Section 89-7-121 - Form of affidavit by third person

  • Section 89-7-123 - Proceedings to be as in replevin by tenant

  • Section 89-7-125 - Burden of proof

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List of Counties in Mississippi

  • Adams County, MS

  • Alcorn County, MS

  • Amite County, MS

  • Attala County, MS

  • Benton County, MS

  • Bolivar County, MS

  • Calhoun County, MS

  • Carroll County, MS

  • Chickasaw County, MS

  • Choctaw County, MS

  • Claiborne County, MS

  • Clarke County, MS

  • Clay County, MS

  • Coahoma County, MS

  • Copiah County, MS

  • Covington County, MS

  • De Soto County, MS

  • Forrest County, MS

  • Franklin County, MS

  • George County, MS

  • Greene County, MS

  • Grenada County, MS

  • Hancock County, MS

  • Harrison County, MS

  • Holmes County, MS

  • Humphreys County, MS

  • Issaquena County, MS

  • Itawamba County, MS

  • Jackson County, MS

  • Jasper County, MS

  • Jefferson County, MS

  • Jefferson Davis County, MS

  • Jones County, MS

  • Kemper County, MS

  • Lafayette County, MS

  • Lamar County, MS

  • Lauderdale County, MS

  • Lawrence County, MS

  • Leake County, MS

  • Lee County, MS

  • Lefiore County, MS

  • Lincoln County, MS

  • Lowndes County, MS

  • Madison County, MS

  • Marion County, MS

  • Marshall County, MS

  • Monroe County, MS

  • Montgomery County, MS

  • Neshoba County, MS

  • Newton County, MS

  • Noxubee County, MS

  • Oktinneha County, MS

  • Panola County, MS

  • Pearl River County, MS

  • Perry County, MS

  • Pike County, MS

  • Pontotoc County, MS

  • Prentiss County, MS

  • Quitman County, MS

  • Rankin County, MS

  • Scott County, MS

  • Sharkey County, MS

  • Simpson County, MS

  • Smith County, MS

  • Stone County, MS

  • Sunflower County, MS

  • Tallahatchie County, MS

  • Tate County, MS

  • Tippah County, MS

  • Tishomingo County, MS

  • Tunica County, MS

  • Union County, MS

  • Walthall County, MS

  • Warren County, MS

  • Washington County, MS

  • Wayne County, MS

  • Webster County, MS

  • Wilkinson County, MS

  • Winston County, MS

  • Yalobusha County, MS

  • Yazoo County, MS

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Section 89-7-1 - Goods not to be removed until rent paid

No goods or chattels, lying or being in or upon any messuage, lands or tenements, leased or rented for life, years, at will, or otherwise, shall at any time be liable to be taken by virtue of any writ of execution, or other process whatever, unless the party so taking the same shall, before the removal of the goods or chattels from such premises, pay or tender to the landlord or lessor thereof, all the unpaid rent for the said premises, whether the day of payment shall have come or not, provided it shall not amount to more than one (1) year's rent; and the party suing out such execution or other process, paying or tendering to such landlord or lessor the rent unpaid, not to exceed one (1) year's rent, may proceed to execute his judgment or process; and the officer levying the same shall be empowered and required to levy and pay to the plaintiff as well the money so paid for rent, as the money due under the process, and when the rent contracted for is payable, not in money, but in other things, the creditor shall pay the landlord the money value of such things.

Miss. Code § 89-7-1

Codes, 1906, § 2851; Hemingway's 1917, § 2349; 1930, § 2175; 1942, § 897; Laws, 1894, ch. 52.

Section 89-7-3 - Tenant not bound to pay rent for, or to restore, buildings destroyed; exception

A tenant shall not be bound to pay rent for buildings after their destruction by fire or otherwise, nor shall a covenant or promise by a lessee to leave or restore the premises in good repair have the effect to bind him to erect or pay for such buildings as may be so destroyed, unless in respect to the matters aforesaid there was negligence or fault on his part, or unless he has expressly stipulated to be so bound.

Miss. Code § 89-7-3

Codes, 1880, §§ 1239, 1240; 1892, §§ 2497, 2498; 1906, §§ 2834, 2835; Hemingway's 1917, §§ 2332, 2333; 1930, § 2176; 1942, § 898.

Section 89-7-5 - Action for use and occupation where there is no contract

Where there is no contract, or where the agreement is not in writing, a landlord may maintain an action to recover a reasonable satisfaction for the use and occupation of the lands held and enjoyed by another. If on the trial of such action there appear in evidence any demise or agreement the plaintiff shall not on that account be nonsuited, but may make use thereof as evidence of the amount to be recovered.

Miss. Code § 89-7-5

Codes, 1857, ch. 41, art. 19; 1871, § 1638; 1880, § 1323; 1892, § 2538; 1906, § 2876; Hemingway's 1917, § 2374; 1930, § 2177; 1942, § 899.

Section 89-7-7 - Remedy by action for rent in arrear

A person having rent in arrear or due upon any lease or demise of lands for life or lives, for years, at will, or otherwise, may bring an action for such arrears of rent against the person who ought to have paid the same or his legal representative.

Miss. Code § 89-7-7

Codes, 1857, ch. 41, art. 14; 1871, § 1633; 1880, § 1322; 1892, § 2537; 1906, § 2875; Hemingway's 1917, § 2373; 1930, § 2178; 1942, § 900.

Section 89-7-9 - Death of tenant for life; apportionment of rent

When a tenant for life who shall have demised lands, shall die on or after the day when any rent became payable, his executor or administrator may recover from the under-tenant the whole rent due; and if he die before the day when any rent is to become due, he may recover the proportion of the rent which accrued before the time of the death of the tenant. The tenant for the life of another, his executor or administrator, in case of the death of the person for whose life the estate is held, on or before the day when any rent shall become due shall have like remedy; and a like apportionment shall be made in the case of annuities.

Miss. Code § 89-7-9

Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 56, art. 5 (22); 1857, ch. 41, art. 20; 1871, § 1639; 1880, § 1328; 1892, § 2543; 1906, § 2881; Hemingway's 1917, § 2379; 1930, § 2179; 1942, § 901.

Section 89-7-11 - Rent assets in hands of personal representative

If a person lease his land and die, the rent to accrue for the land during the year of his death shall be payable to the personal representative of the decedent, who shall have the same remedy therefor as the decedent would have had if he had lived.

Miss. Code § 89-7-11

Codes, 1880, § 1327; 1892, § 2542; 1906, § 2880; Hemingway's 1917, § 2378; 1930, § 2180; 1942, § 902.

Section 89-7-13 - Executor or administrator may sue or distrain

The executor or administrator of a person to whom rent is due and not paid at the time of his death may have an action for all such arrearages against the tenant or tenants who ought to have paid the rent so being behind in the lifetime of their testator or intestate, or against the executors or administrators of such tenants. Every executor or administrator of any person to whom such rent is due and not paid at the time of his death, may distrain for the arrearages of all such rents on the lands which were charged with the payment of such rents, and liable to the distress of the testator or intestate, so long as the same continue in the seizin or possession of the tenant who ought to have paid the rent to the testator or intestate in his lifetime, or in the seizin or possession of any person claiming the lands, only by and from the tenant, by purchase, gift, or descent, in like manner and form as the said executor's or administrator's testator or intestate might have done in his lifetime. The executors and administrators for the same distress may lawfully make avowry

.

Miss. Code § 89-7-13

Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 56, art. 5 (20); 1857, ch. 41, art. 17; 1871, § 1636; 1880, § 1326; 1892, § 2541; 1906, § 2879; Hemingway's 1917, § 2377; 1930, § 2181; 1942, § 903.

Section 89-7-15 - Rights of assignees of lessor

The grantees or assignees, and their heirs, personal representatives and assignees, of any lands let to lease, or of the reversion thereof, may have and enjoy the same advantages against the lessees, their personal representatives and assigns, by entry for the non-payment of rent, or for doing of waste or suffering any forfeiture, and may have and avail of all the covenants and agreements contained in the leases, demises or grants against the lessees, their personal representatives and assigns, which the lessors themselves or their heirs could have had or enjoyed.

Miss. Code § 89-7-15

Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 56, art. 5 (18); 1857, ch. 41, art. 15; 1871, § 1634; 1880, § 1324; 1892, § 2539; 1906, § 2877; Hemingway's 1917, § 2375; 1930, § 2182; 1942, § 904.

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  • Abbeville, MS

  • Aberdeen, MS

  • Ackerman, MS

  • Algoma, MS

  • Alligator, MS

  • Amory, MS

  • Anguilla, MS

  • Arcola, MS

  • Artesia, MS

  • Ashland, MS

  • Baldwyn, MS

  • Bassfield, MS

  • Batesville, MS

  • Bay Saint Louis, MS

  • Bay Springs, MS

  • Beaumont, MS

  • Belmont, MS

  • Belzoni, MS

  • Benoit, MS

  • Bentonia, MS

  • Beulah, MS

  • Biloxi, MS

  • Blue Mountain, MS

  • Bogue Chitto, MS

  • Bolton, MS

  • Booneville, MS

  • Boyle, MS

  • Brandon, MS

  • Brookhaven, MS

  • Brooksville, MS

  • Bruce, MS

  • Bude, MS

  • Burnsville, MS

  • Byhalia, MS

  • Caledonia, MS

  • Calhoun City, MS

  • Canton, MS

  • Carrollton, MS

  • Carthage, MS

  • Cary, MS

  • Centreville, MS

  • Charleston, MS

  • Chunky, MS

  • Clarksdale, MS

  • Cleveland, MS

  • Clinton, MS

  • Coahoma, MS

  • Coffeeville, MS

  • Coldwater, MS

  • Collins, MS

  • Collinsville, MS

  • Columbia, MS

  • Columbus, MS

  • Como, MS

  • Conehatta, MS

  • Corinth, MS

  • Courtland, MS

  • Crawford, MS

  • Crenshaw, MS

  • Crosby, MS

  • Crowder, MS

  • Cruger, MS

  • Crystal Springs, MS

  • D Lo, MS

  • De Kalb, MS

  • Decatur, MS

  • Derma, MS

  • Diamondhead, MS

  • Diberville, MS

  • Drew, MS

  • Duck Hill, MS

  • Dumas, MS

  • Duncan, MS

  • Durant, MS

  • Ecru, MS

  • Edwards, MS

  • Ellisville, MS

  • Enterprise, MS

  • Escatawpa, MS

  • Ethel, MS

  • Eupora, MS

  • Falcon, MS

  • Falkner, MS

  • Fayette, MS

  • Flora, MS

  • Florence, MS

  • Flowood, MS

  • Forest, MS

  • French Camp, MS

  • Friars Point, MS

  • Fulton, MS

  • Gautier, MS

  • Georgetown, MS

  • Glen, MS

  • Glendora, MS

  • Gloster, MS

  • Golden, MS

  • Goodman, MS

  • Greenville, MS

  • Greenwood, MS

  • Gulfport, MS

  • Gunnison, MS

  • Hattiesburg, MS

  • Hazlehurst, MS

  • Heidelberg, MS

  • Hernando, MS

  • Hickory Flat, MS

  • Hickory, MS

  • Hinds County, MS

  • Hollandale, MS

  • Holly Springs, MS

  • Horn Lake, MS

  • Houston, MS

  • Hurley, MS

  • Indianola, MS

  • Inverness, MS

  • Isola, MS

  • Itta Bena, MS

  • Iuka, MS

  • Jackson, MS

  • Jonestown, MS

  • Kilmichael, MS

  • Kiln, MS

  • Kosciusko, MS

  • Lake, MS

  • Lambert, MS

  • Laurel, MS

  • Leakesville, MS

  • Leland, MS

  • Lexington, MS

  • Liberty, MS

  • Long Beach, MS

  • Louin, MS

  • Louise, MS

  • Louisville, MS

  • Lucedale, MS

  • Lula, MS

  • Lumberton, MS

  • Lyon, MS

  • Maben, MS

  • Macon, MS

  • Madison, MS

  • Magee, MS

  • Magnolia, MS

  • Mantachie, MS

  • Marietta, MS

  • Marion, MS

  • Marks, MS

  • Mathiston, MS

  • Mayersville, MS

  • Mc Lain, MS

  • Mccomb, MS

  • Meadville, MS

  • Mendenhall, MS

  • Meridian, MS

  • Merigold, MS

  • Metcalfe, MS

  • Mize, MS

  • Monticello, MS

  • Moorhead, MS

  • Morgan City, MS

  • Morton, MS

  • Moss Point, MS

  • Mound Bayou, MS

  • Mount Olive, MS

  • Myrtle, MS

  • Natchez, MS

  • Nettleton, MS

  • New Albany, MS

  • New Augusta, MS

  • Newhebron, MS

  • Newton, MS

  • North Carrollton, MS

  • Noxapater, MS

  • Oakland, MS

  • Ocean Springs, MS

  • Okolona, MS

  • Olive Branch, MS

  • Osyka, MS

  • Oxford, MS

  • Pace, MS

  • Pascagoula, MS

  • Pass Christian, MS

  • Pearl, MS

  • Pearlington, MS

  • Pelahatchie, MS

  • Petal, MS

  • Philadelphia, MS

  • Picayune, MS

  • Pickens, MS

  • Pittsboro, MS

  • Plantersville, MS

  • Pontotoc, MS

  • Pope, MS

  • Poplarville, MS

  • Port Gibson, MS

  • Potts Camp, MS

  • Prentiss, MS

  • Puckett, MS

  • Purvis, MS

  • Quitman, MS

  • Raleigh, MS

  • Raymond, MS

  • Richland, MS

  • Richton, MS

  • Ridgeland, MS

  • Rienzi, MS

  • Ripley, MS

  • Rolling Fork, MS

  • Rosedale, MS

  • Roxie, MS

  • Ruleville, MS

  • Saltillo, MS

  • Sandersville, MS

  • Sardis, MS

  • Saucier, MS

  • Schlater, MS

  • Scooba, MS

  • Sebastopol, MS

  • Seminary, MS

  • Senatobia, MS

  • Shannon, MS

  • Shaw, MS

  • Shelby, MS

  • Sherman, MS

  • Shubuta, MS

  • Shuqualak, MS

  • Sidon, MS

  • Silver City, MS

  • Silver Creek, MS

  • Sledge, MS

  • Smithville, MS

  • Soso, MS

  • Southaven, MS

  • Starkville, MS

  • State Line, MS

  • Stoneville, MS

  • Sturgis, MS

  • Summit, MS

  • Sumner, MS

  • Sumrall, MS

  • Sunflower, MS

  • Taylor, MS

  • Taylorsville, MS

  • Tchula, MS

  • Terry, MS

  • Thaxton, MS

  • Tishomingo, MS

  • Tremont, MS

  • Tunica, MS

  • Tupelo, MS

  • Tutwiler, MS

  • Tylertown, MS

  • Union, MS

  • Utica, MS

  • Vaiden, MS

  • Vardaman, MS

  • Verona, MS

  • Vicksburg, MS

  • Walnut Grove, MS

  • Walnut, MS

  • Water Valley, MS

  • Waveland, MS

  • Waynesboro, MS

  • Webb, MS

  • Weir, MS

  • Wesson, MS

  • West Point, MS

  • West, MS

  • Wiggins, MS

  • Winona, MS

  • Winstonville, MS

  • Woodville, MS

  • Yazoo City, MS

  • Pachuta, MS

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Section 89-7-17 - Grants of rents, good without attornment

Grants of rents or reversions or remainders shall be good and effectual without attornment of the tenants; but a tenant who has paid the rent to the grantor before notice of the grant shall not suffer any damage thereby.

Miss. Code § 89-7-17

Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 42, art. 1 (30); 1857, ch. 36, art. 5; 1871, § 2288; 1880, § 1191; 1892, § 2499; 1906, § 2836; Hemingway's 1917, § 2334; 1930, § 2183; 1942, § 905.

Section 89-7-19 - Attornment of tenant to stranger void; exception

The attornment of a tenant to a stranger shall be void unless it be with the consent of the landlord of such tenant, or pursuant to or in consequence of the judgment of a court of law or the decree of a court of equity.

Miss. Code § 89-7-19

Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 42, art. 1 (31); 1857, ch. 36, art. 6; 1871, § 2289; 1880, § 1192; 1892, § 2500; 1906, § 2837; Hemingway's 1917, § 2335; 1930, § 2184; 1942, § 906.

Section 89-7-21 - Rights of lessees against assignees of lessor

All lessees of lands for a term of years, life or lives, their executors, administrators, or assigns, may have like action and advantage against all and every person or persons, their heirs and assigns, which have any gift or grant of the reversion of said lands, so leased, or any parcel thereof, for any condition, covenant, or agreement in their lease or leases, as the lessees, or any of them, might have had against the lessors and their heirs, only excepting the benefit and advantage of recoveries in value, by reason of any warranty in deed or law.

Miss. Code § 89-7-21

Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 56, art. 5 (19); 1857, ch. 41, art. 16; 1871, § 1635; 1880, § 1325; 1892, § 2540; 1906, § 2878; Hemingway's 1917, § 2376; 1930, § 2185; 1942, § 907.

Section 89-7-23 - Notice to terminate tenancy

Notice to quit shall be necessary only where the term is not to expire at a fixed time. In all cases in which a notice is required to be given by the landlord or tenant to determine a tenancy, two (2) months' notice, in writing, shall be given where the holding is from year to year, and one (1) month's notice shall be given where the holding is by the half-year or quarter-year; and where the letting is by the month or by the week, one (1) week's notice, in writing, shall be given. This section shall not apply to rental agreements governed by the Residential Landlord and Tenant Act.

Miss. Code § 89-7-23

Codes, 1857, ch. 41, art. 21; 1871, § 1640; 1880, § 1330; 1892, § 2544; 1906, § 2882; Hemingway's 1917, § 2380; 1930, § 2224; 1942, § 946; Laws, 1991, ch. 478, § 15, eff. 7/1/1991, and shall apply to rental agreements entered into after such date.

Section 89-7-25 - Tenant holding after notice liable for double rent

When a tenant, being lawfully notified by his landlord, shall fail or refuse to quit the demised premises and deliver up the same as required by the notice, or when a tenant shall give notice of his intention to quit the premises at a time specified, and shall not deliver up the premises at the time appointed, he shall, in either case, thenceforward pay to the landlord double the rent which he should otherwise have paid, to be levied, sued for, and recovered as the single rent before the giving of notice could be; and double rent shall continue to be paid during all the time the tenant shall so continue in possession.

Miss. Code § 89-7-25

Codes, 1857, ch. 41, art. 23; 1871, § 1642; 1880, § 1331; 1892, § 2545; 1906, § 2883; Hemingway's 1917, § 2381; 1930, § 2225; 1942, § 947.

Section 89-7-27 - Proceedings against tenant holding over

A tenant or lessee at will or at sufferance, or for part of a year, or for one or more years, of premises or other lands not constituting a dwelling unit as defined in Section 89-8-7(b), and the assigns, undertenants, or legal representatives of such tenant or lessee, shall be removed from the premises by the justice court judge , county court judge or circuit court judge where the premises, or some part thereof, are situated, in the following cases, to wit:

First. Where such tenant shall hold over and continue in possession of the demised premises, or any part thereof, after the expiration of his possessory term, without the permission of the landlord.

Second. After any default in the payment of the rent pursuant to the agreement under which such premises are held, and three (3) days' notice, in writing, requiring the payment of such rent or the possession of the premises, shall have been served by the person entitled to the rent on the person who owes the rent. Notice of default by email or text message is proper if the tenant has agreed in writing to be notified by that means.

Third. If a written agreement between the landlord and tenant exists, any event calling for eviction in the rental agreement may trigger the eviction process under this section. Notice of default by email or text message is proper if the tenant has agreed in writing to be notified by that means.

Miss. Code § 89-7-27

Codes, 1857, ch. 41, art. 27; 1871, § 1646; 1880, § 1333; 1892, § 2547; 1906, § 2885; Hemingway's 1917, § 2383; 1930, § 2226; 1942, § 948.

Amended by Laws, 2022, ch. 501, SB 2461,§ 13, eff. 4/21/2022.

Amended by Laws, 2018, ch. 446, SB 2473,§ 1, eff. 7/1/2018.

Section 89-7-29 - Affidavit to remove

To commence a civil action under Section 89-7-27, the landlord shall file a sworn affidavit or complaint, based upon the terms of the rental agreement that:

(a) States the facts requiring the removal of the tenant;

(b) Identifies the address of, or otherwise describes, the premises and, if applicable, the amount of rent and any additional fees owed;

(c) Declares that the necessary notice has been given to terminate the tenancy; and

(d) Identifies any specific items of tenant property located at the premises as to which the landlord asserts a valid lien and has commenced, or is commencing, proceedings governed by Section 89-7-51 et seq., Mississippi Code of 1972.

Miss. Code § 89-7-29

Codes, 1857, ch. 41, art. 28; 1871, § 1648; 1880, § 1334; 1892, § 2548; 1906, § 2886; Hemingway's 1917, § 2384; 1930, § 2227; 1942, § 949.

Amended by Laws, 2022, ch. 501, SB 2461,§ 12, eff. 4/21/2022.

Amended by Laws, 2018, ch. 446, SB 2473,§ 2, eff. 7/1/2018.

Section 89-7-31 - Issuance of summons; notice that landlord may dispose of tenant's personal property if judge awards exclusive possession of premises

(1) Upon the filing of the sworn affidavit or complaint, a summons shall be issued for service upon the person in possession of the identified premises or claiming possession thereof. The summons shall command such person to immediately vacate the premises or to show cause before the judge, on a day to be named in the summons, why possession of the premises should not be delivered to the applicant.

(2) In addition to the information required by subsection (1) of this section and the applicable Mississippi Rules of Court, the summons shall state:

" You are being sued for eviction. At the eviction hearing, the judge will determine if the landlord is entitled to possession of your rental unit.

If the landlord is granted possession of the rental unit, then you will have at least seven (7) days from the date of the judgment to move out, unless a shorter or longer period of time for vacating the premises is ordered because of an emergency or other compelling circumstances.

If the landlord seeks possession based on nonpayment of rent, you do not have to move out if you pay all the sums owed to the landlord either before the eviction hearing or, afterwards, by the court-ordered move-out date.

If you move out by the date ordered by the court, leaving property behind, then the landlord may dispose of such abandoned property without further notice.

If you do not move out by the date and time ordered by the court, the landlord can have you removed by law enforcement.

If the landlord has asserted a lien against certain specified items and has commenced proceedings against the items, your right to remove the specified items of property will be addressed by the court.

You will have seventy-two (72) hours after your removal by law enforcement to take your other property not subject to a lien proceeding.

After seventy-two (72) hours, the landlord may remove any personal property remaining on the premises to the curb, an area designated for garbage or some other location agreed to by you and the landlord. You may still retrieve your personal property, but the landlord will have no obligation to preserve the personal property upon removal."

Miss. Code § 89-7-31

Codes, 1857, ch. 41, art. 29; 1871, § 1649; 1880, § 1335; 1892, § 2549; 1906, § 2887; Hemingway's 1917, § 2385; 1930, § 2228; 1942, § 950.

Amended by Laws, 2022, ch. 501, SB 2461,§ 14, eff. 4/21/2022.

Amended by Laws, 2019, ch. 386, SB 2716,§ 1, eff. 3/22/2019.

Amended by Laws, 2015, ch. 395, HB 711, 1, eff. 7/1/2015.

Section 89-7-33 - Service of summons

Service of summons shall be pursuant to applicable Mississippi Rules of Court.

Miss. Code § 89-7-33

Codes, 1857, ch. 41, art. 30; 1871, § 1650; 1880, § 1336; 1892, § 2550; 1906, § 2888; Hemingway's 1917, § 2386; 1930, § 2229; 1942, § 951.

Amended by Laws, 2022, ch. 501, SB 2461,§ 15, eff. 4/21/2022.

Section 89-7-34

(1) In eviction actions, the court shall grant a default judgment to the landlord where:

(a) The landlord complies with Section 89-7-29;

(b) Issuance and service of summons is proper;

(c) The tenant fails to appear; and

(d) The landlord is otherwise entitled to a judgment under law.

(2) In eviction actions, the court shall grant judgment to the landlord where:

(a) The landlord complies with Section 89-7-29;

(b) The judge finds that the tenant failed to present a valid defense or counterclaim; and

(c) The landlord is otherwise entitled to a judgment under law.

(3) In eviction actions, judgments granted by the court shall be signed and executed on the same business day that the judgment is granted.

Miss. Code § 89-7-34

Added by Laws, 2022, ch. 501, SB 2461,§ 16, eff. 4/21/2022.

Section 89-7-35 - Issuance of warrant for removal

(1) If a judgment of possession is granted to the landlord, either after a hearing or by default judgment, then the judge shall order the tenant to vacate the premises in seven (7) days from the date of the judgment, unless the court finds that a shorter or longer period of time is justified because of an emergency or other compelling circumstances.

(2) Prior to the court-ordered move-out date, the tenant shall have the same access to the premises as previously allowed under the terms of the rental agreement. Unless the judge has made some other finding regarding property at the premises, the tenant may remove its property during this time. If the tenant has vacated the premises by the court-ordered move-out date, then the landlord may dispose of any property, not addressed by the court, which the tenant leaves behind without further notice to the tenant.

(3) After the court-ordered move-out date, the landlord may request a warrant for removal. Upon such request and the payment of applicable fees, the judge shall, except as otherwise prohibited under subsection (5) of this section, immediately issue a warrant to the sheriff or any constable of the county in which the premises, or some part thereof, are situated, immediately commanding the sheriff or constable to remove all persons from the premises, and to put the landlord into full possession thereof.

(4) Unless the judge has made some other finding regarding property at the premises, the landlord shall allow the tenant reasonable access to the premises for seventy-two (72) hours after the warrant for removal has been executed to enable the tenant to remove the tenant's property, including any manufactured home. All property the tenant leaves on the premises seventy-two (72) hours after the execution of the warrant for removal shall be deemed abandoned and may be disposed of by the landlord without further notice or obligation to the tenant.

(5) In cases in which the possession judgment is based solely on the tenant's nonpayment of rent, the judge shall not issue a warrant for removal, on or before the court-ordered move-out date, if the tenant has paid in full all unpaid rent and other sums owed pursuant to the judgment. A landlord has an obligation of good faith to accept full payment of all sums owed pursuant to the money judgment entered if so tendered on or before the court-ordered move-out date.

Miss. Code § 89-7-35

Codes, 1857, ch. 41, art. 31; 1871, § 1651; 1880, § 1337; 1892, § 2551; 1906, § 2889; Hemingway's 1917, § 2387; 1930, § 2230; 1942, § 952.

Amended by Laws, 2022, ch. 501, SB 2461,§ 17, eff. 4/21/2022.

Amended by Laws, 2019, ch. 386, SB 2716,§ 2, eff. 3/22/2019.

Amended by Laws, 2015, ch. 395, HB 711, 2, eff. 7/1/2015.

Section 89-7-37 - Defense may be made

The tenant in possession of the premises, or any person claiming possession thereof, may, at or before the time appointed in the summons for showing cause, file an affidavit with the court, denying the facts upon which the summons was issued; and the matters thus controverted may be tried .

Miss. Code § 89-7-37

Codes, 1857, ch. 41, art. 32; 1871, § 1652; 1880, § 1338; 1892, § 2552; 1906, § 2890; Hemingway's 1917, § 2388; 1930, § 2231; 1942, § 953.

Amended by Laws, 2022, ch. 501, SB 2461,§ 18, eff. 4/21/2022.

Section 89-7-39 - Continuances, subpoenas

The court may, at the request of either party, adjourn a hearing from time to time . A single adjournment shall not exceed ten (10) days, except by consent of both the landlord and tenant. When an adjournment is granted, the court, may issue subpoenas and attachments to compel the attendance of witnesses. However, in hearings for eviction, no adjournment shall extend the entire hearing beyond forty-five (45) days from the date the eviction action was filed.

Miss. Code § 89-7-39

Codes, 1857, ch. 41, art. 35; 1871, § 1655; 1880, § 1339; 1892, § 2553; 1906, § 2891; Hemingway's 1917, § 2389; 1930, § 2232; 1942, § 954.

Amended by Laws, 2022, ch. 501, SB 2461,§ 19, eff. 4/21/2022.

Amended by Laws, 2018, ch. 446, SB 2473,§ 3, eff. 7/1/2018.

Section 89-7-41 - [Repealed]

 

Miss. Code § 89-7-41

Repealed by Laws, 2022, ch. 501, SB 2461,§ 27, eff. 4/21/2022.

Amended by Laws, 2019, ch. 386, SB 2716,§ 3, eff. 3/22/2019.

Amended by Laws, 2015, ch. 395, HB 711, 3, eff. 7/1/2015.

Section 89-7-43 - Judgment for defendant

If a judgment of possession is not granted to the landlord, the judge shall assess costs against the landlord and issue execution therefor.

Miss. Code § 89-7-43

Codes, 1857, ch. 41, art. 37; 1871, § 1657; 1880, § 1341; 1892, § 2555; 1906, § 2892; Hemingway's 1917, § 2391; 1930, § 2234; 1942, § 956.

Amended by Laws, 2022, ch. 501, SB 2461,§ 20, eff. 4/21/2022.

Section 89-7-45 - [Repealed]

Miss. Code § 89-7-45

Repealed by Laws, 2022, ch. 501, SB 2461,§ 27, eff. 4/21/2022.

Amended by Laws, 2019, ch. 386, SB 2716,§ 4, eff. 3/22/2019.

Amended by Laws, 2018, ch. 446, SB 2473,§ 4, eff. 7/1/2018.

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Section 89-7-47 - Record, appeals

The judge before whom proceedings shall be had against a tenant holding over, shall keep a full record of the proceedings, and shall carefully preserve all papers in the cause . Appeals from final judgements under this chapter shall be pursuant to applicable Mississippi Rules of Court.

Miss. Code § 89-7-47

Codes, 1857, ch. 41, art. 39; 1871, § 1659; 1880, § 1343; 1892, § 2557; 1906, § 2895; Hemingway's 1917, § 2393; 1930, § 2236; 1942, § 958.

Amended by Laws, 2022, ch. 501, SB 2461,§ 21, eff. 4/21/2022.

Section 89-7-49 - Proceedings when tenant deserts premises

If a tenant of lands, being in arrear for rent, shall desert the demised premises and leave the same uncultivated or unoccupied, so that a sufficient distress cannot be had to satisfy the arrears of rent, any constable of the county may, at the request of the landlord, and upon due proof by affidavit that the premises have been deserted, leaving rent in arrear, and not sufficient distress thereon, go upon and view the premises, and upon being satisfied that the premises have been so deserted, he shall affix a notice, in writing, upon a conspicuous part of the premises, stating what day he will return to take a second view thereof, not less than five (5) days nor more than fifteen (15) days thereafter, and requiring the tenant then to appear and pay the rent and any late fees due. At the time specified in the notice the constable shall again view the premises, and if, upon second view, the tenant shall not pay the rent and any late fees due, or there shall not be sufficient distress upon the premises, then the justice court shall immediately or within forty-eight (48) hours put the landlord in possession of the premises, and the lease thereof to such tenant shall become void. The tenant may appeal to the circuit court from the proceedings of the justice court at any time within thirty (30) days after possession delivered, by serving notice in writing thereof upon the landlord, and by giving bond, with sufficient sureties, to be approved by the justice court, for the payment to the landlord of the costs of appeal, which may be adjudged against the tenant; and thereupon the justice court shall return the proceedings before him to the next term of the circuit court, and the court shall, at the return term, examine the proceedings in a summary way, and may order restitution to be made to the tenant, with costs of appeal, to be paid by the landlord; or in case of affirming the proceedings, shall award costs against the tenant and sureties in his bond.

Miss. Code § 89-7-49

Codes, 1857, ch. 41, art. 24; 1871, § 1643; 1880, § 1332; 1892, § 2546; 1906, § 2884; Hemingway's 1917, § 2382; 1930, § 2237; 1942, § 959; Laws, 1990, ch. 404, § 1, eff. 7/1/1990.

Amended by Laws, 2018, ch. 446, SB 2473,§ 5, eff. 7/1/2018.

Section 89-7-51 - Lien of landlord

(1) Every lessor of land shall have a lien on the agricultural products of the leased premises, however and by whomsoever produced, to secure the payment of the rent and of money advanced to the tenant, and the fair market value of all advances made by him to his tenant for supplies for the tenant and others for whom he may contract, and for his business carried on upon the leased premises. This lien shall be paramount to all other liens, claims, or demands upon such products when perfected in accordance with Uniform Commercial Code Article 9 - Secured Transactions (Section 75-9-101 et seq.). The claim of the lessor for supplies furnished may be enforced in the same manner and under the same circumstances as his claim for rent may be; and all the provisions of law as to attachment for rent and proceedings under it shall be applicable to a claim for supplies furnished, and such attachment may be levied on any goods and chattels liable for rent, as well as on the agricultural products.

(2) All articles of personal property, except a stock of merchandise sold in the normal course of business, owned by the lessee of real property and situated on the leased premises shall be subject to a lien in favor of the lessor to secure the payment of rent for such premises as has been contracted to be paid, whether or not then due. This lien shall be subject to all prior liens or other security interests perfected according to law. No such articles of personal property may be removed from the leased premises until such rent is paid except with the written consent of the lessor. All of the provisions of law as to attachment for rent and proceedings thereunder shall be applicable with reference to the lessor's lien under this subsection.

Miss. Code § 89-7-51

Codes, 1880, § 1301; 1892, § 2495; 1906, § 2832; Hemingway's 1917, § 2330; 1930, § 2186; 1942, § 908; Laws, 1972, ch. 343, § 1; Laws, 2001, ch. 495, § 34, eff. 1/1/2002.

Amended by Laws, 2015, ch. 395, HB 711, 5, eff. 7/1/2015.

Section 89-7-53 - Lien for live stock, implements and vehicles

A landlord shall have, for one (1) year, a lien for the reasonable value of all live stock, farming tools, implements and vehicles furnished by him to his tenant, upon the property so furnished and, as an additional security therefor, upon all the agricultural products raised upon the leased premises. The said property so furnished shall be considered as supplies and the lien therefor may be enforced accordingly. Such lien shall be a superior and first lien when perfected in accordance with Uniform Commercial Code Article 9 - Secured Transactions (Section 75-9-101 et seq.), and need not otherwise be evidenced by writing.

Miss. Code § 89-7-53

Codes, 1892, § 2496; 1906, § 2833; Hemingway's 1917, § 2331; 1930, § 2187; 1942, § 909; Laws, 2001, ch. 495, § 35, eff. 1/1/2002.

Section 89-7-55 - Attachment for rent and supplies; who entitled to and for what

An attachment or distress may be sued out by the lessor of lands, his executors, administrators, or assigns. It may be had for rent of the leased premises due and in arrear, or to become due, as the case may be, and for advances made by the landlord or his administrator or executor for supplies for the tenant and others for whom the tenant may have contracted and for his business carried on upon the leased premises.

Miss. Code § 89-7-55

Codes, 1892, § 2501; 1906, § 2838; Hemingway's 1917, § 2336; 1930, § 2188; 1942, § 910.

Section 89-7-57 - How obtained

To obtain the attachment or distress, the party entitled thereto, his agent or attorney, shall make complaint on oath before a justice court judge averring the facts which entitle the party seeking it to the remedy; and, if anything is demanded on account of supplies, there shall be filed with the complaint an itemized bill of particulars thereof. The complainant shall enter into bond with sufficient sureties, payable to the tenant, his executor or administrator, in a penalty equal to double the sum claimed to be due, conditioned to pay all damages as may be sustained by the obligee by the wrongful suing out of the writ, and all costs that may be awarded against the principal obligor.

Miss. Code § 89-7-57

Codes, 1892, § 2502; 1906, § 2839; Hemingway's 1917, § 2337; 1930, § 2189; 1942, § 911.

Amended by Laws, 2015, ch. 395, HB 711, 6, eff. 7/1/2015.

Section 89-7-59 - Before whom complaint made

Such complaint and bond may be made before any justice of the peace of the county in which the leased premises, or some part thereof, may be situated, or of any county in which the property, or some part thereof, sought to be distrained or seized may be found.

Miss. Code § 89-7-59

Codes, 1892, § 2503; 1906, § 2840; Hemingway's 1917, § 2338; 1930, § 2190; 1942, § 912.

Section 89-7-61 - Writ

When the complaint has been made and bond given and approved by the justice court judge, it shall be his duty to issue a distress warrant or attachment-writ, commanding the seizure of the agricultural products, if any, upon which the party instituting the proceedings shall have claimed a lien, and also commanding the officer to distrain the goods and chattels other than the agricultural products of the tenant, if necessary, and deal with the same as provided by law; the entire seizure and distraint to be of value sufficient to satisfy the sum demanded with interest and costs.

Miss. Code § 89-7-61

Codes, 1892, § 2504; 1906, § 2841; Hemingway's 1917, § 2339; 1930, § 2191; 1942, § 913.

Amended by Laws, 2015, ch. 395, HB 711, 7, eff. 7/1/2015.

Section 89-7-63 - Form of affidavit

The affidavit for an attachment for rent and supplies, or either, may be in the following form, viz.:

"State of Mississippi,

_____________ County.

"Before me, _____________, a justice of the peace of the County of _____________, came _____________, who, being duly sworn, says on oath: That _____________ [the tenant] is indebted to him [or if the affidavit be made by an agent or attorney, strike out 'him' and insert the name of the landlord or person to whom the rent is due, and add after the landlord's name, 'of whom the affiant is agent'] in the sum of _____________ dollars for rent in arrears [or if the rent be not due, strike out the words 'in arrears,' and insert 'to become due on the _____________ day of _____________, A.D. _____________'] by virtue of a lease for the term commencing on the _____________ day of _____________, A.D. _____________, and ending on the _____________ day of _____________, A.D. _____________ of land situated in _____________ County, and described as [here describe the leased premises; it is well to describe by name, if it has one, or by its occupants, and if such be the case it would be well to say 'and occupied by said _____________, tenant, during the year _____________'].

"And the said _____________, the tenant, is further indebted to affiant [or if the oath be made by an agent or attorney, strike out 'affiant' and insert the name of the landlord or person to whom the debt is due] in the further sum of _____________ dollars, now due [if the debt be not due, strike out the words 'now due,' and insert 'to become due on the _____________ day of _____________, A.D.'] _____________ of which supplies a bill of particulars is attached hereto. Affiant [or if made by an agent or attorney, say 'affiant's said principal'] claims a lie the following agricultural products raised during the year _____________, on the said leased premises [here describe the products, giving their location, if known, for the officer's guidance].

"Sworn to and subscribed before me, this the _____________ day of _____________, A.D. _____________

_____________, J.P."

(a) If the attachment be for rent only, strike out all relating to supplies; and if the claim be for supplies only, strike out all relating to the sum due for rent, and alter the form to suit the case.

(b) If the claim be not due, add to the form the following words: "And affiant has just cause to suspect, and does verily believe that the said tenant will remove [or has removed, as the case may be] his effects from said leased premises before said claim [or claims] be or shall become due, so that a distress or seizure cannot be made therefor, or so as to impair the landlord's lien on the agricultural products raised on the premises."

(c) If the rent be for part of the crop, or other thing than money, the affidavit should state it as it is, giving the money value of what is due.

Miss. Code § 89-7-63

Codes, 1892, § 2505; 1906, § 2842; Hemingway's 1917, § 2340; 1930, § 2192; 1942, § 914.

Section 89-7-65 - Form of bond

The bond for an attachment for rent or supplies may be in the following form, viz.:

"We, _____________, principal, and _____________ and _____________, sureties, bind ourselves to pay _____________ the sum of _____________ dollars, unless the said principal obligor herein shall pay to the said _____________ all such damages as he shall sustain by reason of the wrongful suing out of an attachment for rent and supplies [if for rent only, strike out the words 'and supplies;' and if for supplies only, strike out the words 'rent and'] in favor of said principal obligor against the said obligee for _____________ dollars, for rent and supplies [if for rent only, strike out the words 'and supplies;' and if for supplies only, strike out the words 'rent and'] due and in arrears [or if the attachment be for a debt to become due, strike out the words 'due and in arrears,' and insert 'to become due on the _____________ day of _____________, A.D. _____________'] upon certain leased premises, in _____________ County.

"Witness our hands, this the _____________ day of _____________, A.D. _____________

"_____________,

_____________"

"The above bond is approved by me, this _____________ day of _____________, A.D. _____________.

"_____________, J.P."

Miss. Code § 89-7-65

Codes, 1892, § 2506; 1906, § 2843; Hemingway's 1917, § 2341; 1930, § 2193; 1942, § 915.

Section 89-7-67 - Form of the writ

The writ of attachment for rent and supplies, or either, may be in the following form, viz.:

"The State of Mississippi.

"To the sheriff or any constable of _____________ County, greeting:

"Complaint on oath having been made before the undersigned, an acting justice of the peace in and for _____________ County, that _____________ is indebted to _____________ for rent in arrear on the following leased premises [here describe the premises as in the affidavit], in the sum of _____________ dollars, and that the said _____________ is further indebted to _____________ for supplies furnished the said _____________, the tenant, by his landlord, in the sum of _____________ dollars additional; and the claim having been made that there is a lien to secure the said debts on the following named agricultural products [here describe the products as in the affidavit], and bond having been given as required by law:

"Now, this is to command you that you forthwith seize and take the said agricultural products to an amount sufficient to satisfy the said debts, with interest and costs; and, if there be not a sufficiency of said products so to do, then that you distrain the other goods and chattels of the said _____________, the tenant, so that your whole seizure may be sufficient to satisfy both of said sums, with interest and costs, and that you deal with the same as the law directs.

"Witness my hand, the _____________ day of _____________, A.D. _____________

_____________, J.P."

The above form must be varied so as to conform to the affidavit; and if a lien be not claimed, the command will be in these words:

"This is to command you to distrain the goods and chattels of the said _____________, the tenant, to an amount sufficient to satisfy the said demands, with interest and costs, and that you deal with the same as the law directs."

Miss. Code § 89-7-67

Codes, 1892, § 2507; 1906, § 2844; Hemingway's 1917, § 2342; 1930, § 2194; 1942, § 916.

Section 89-7-69 - Goods sold if not replevied

The officer making a distress or seizure shall give notice thereof, with the cause of taking, to the tenant or his representative in person if found, or if not found, by leaving the notice at the dwelling house or other conspicuous place on the premises charged with the rent distrained for, and shall immediately advertise the property distrained or seized for sale as if under execution; and if the tenant or owner of the goods distrained or seized shall not, before the time appointed for the sale, replevy the same by giving bond with sufficient sureties, to be approved by such officer, payable to the plaintiff in the attachment, in double the amount claimed, conditioned for the payment of the sum demanded, with lawful interest for the same, and costs, at the end of three (3) months after making the distress, the officer shall sell the goods and chattels distrained or seized at public sale to the highest bidder for cash, and shall, out of the proceeds of the sale, pay the costs of the proceedings, and shall pay to the plaintiff the amount of his demand, with interest.

Miss. Code § 89-7-69

Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 56, art. 5(2); 1857, ch. 41, art. 2; 1871, § 1621; 1880, § 1303; 1892, § 2508; 1906, § 2845; Hemingway's 1917, § 2343; 1930, § 2195; 1942, § 917.

Amended by Laws, 2015, ch. 395, HB 711, 8, eff. 7/1/2015.

Section 89-7-71 - Form of bond for payment of rent

The bond to be taken by the officer for the payment of the rent and supplies, or either, in three (3) months, may be in the following form, viz.:

"The State of Mississippi,

County of _____________

"We, _____________, principal, and _____________ and _____________, sureties, bind ourselves to pay _____________ the sum of _____________ [here insert double the sum claimed] dollars, unless, on or before the _____________ day of _____________, A.D. _____________, the said _____________ shall pay to the said _____________ the sum of _____________ dollars, being for rent and supplies due him from the said _____________, the tenant on the land in said county, being [here describe the leased premises as in the writ], together with interest thereon to said date, and the costs of the attachment for the same, levied on the property of said tenant, and now restored to him by virtue of this bond.

"Witness our signatures, this _____________ day of _____________, A.D. _____________.

"_____________,

"_____________,

"_____________."

"The foregoing bond is approved by me, this _____________ day of _____________, A.D. _____________.

"_____________, Sheriff."

If the attachment be for rent not due, the bond for the payment thereof will vary in its terms to suit the case.

Miss. Code § 89-7-71

Codes, 1892, § 2509; 1906, § 2846; Hemingway's 1917, § 2344; 1930, § 2196; 1942, § 918.

Section 89-7-73 - Bond delivered to lessor, and proceedings thereon

The bond taken for the payment of rent or supplies shall be forthwith delivered to the landlord for whom the distress was made; and if the money be not paid according to the condition, any court having jurisdiction of the amount thereof shall, on motion, award execution against the obligors therein, the bond being filed in the court, and five (5) days' notice given of the motion.

Miss. Code § 89-7-73

Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 56, art. 5(3); 1857, ch. 41, art. 6; 1871, § 1625; 1880, § 1307; 1892, § 2510; 1906, § 2847; Hemingway's 1917, § 2345; 1930, § 2197; 1942, § 919.

Section 89-7-75 - Remedy when claim not due in certain cases

When any landlord or lessor shall have just cause to suspect, and shall verily believe, that his tenant will remove his agricultural products on which there is a lien, or any part thereof, from the leased premises to any other place before the expiration of his term, or before the rent or claim for supplies will fall due, or that he will remove his other effects, so that distress cannot be made, the landlord or lessor, in either case, on making oath thereof, and of the amount the tenant is to pay, and at what time the same will fall due, and giving bond, as required were the debt due, may, in like manner, obtain an attachment against the goods and chattels of such tenant; and the officer making the distress shall give notice thereof, and advertise the property distrained or seized for sale. If the tenant shall not, before the time appointed for sale, give bond, with sufficient sureties, in double the amount of the rent or other demand, payable to the plaintiff, conditioned for the payment of the sum due at the time it shall fall due, with costs, the goods distrained or seized, or so much thereof as may be necessary, shall be sold by the officer, at public sale, to the highest bidder, for cash, and out of the proceeds of the sale he shall pay the costs, and shall pay to the plaintiff the amount owing to him, deducting interest for the time until the same shall become due.

Miss. Code § 89-7-75

Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 56, art. 5(7); 1857, ch. 42, art. 3; 1871, § 1622; 1880, § 1304; 1892, § 2511; 1906, § 2848; Hemingway's 1917, § 2346; 1930, § 2198; 1942, § 920.

Section 89-7-77 - Goods removed before debt due, distrained

When any tenant shall have actually removed his effects, other than the agricultural products, upon which there is a lien, from the leased premises before the rent or demand for supplies has become due, so that there be no sufficient property liable to distress or seizure left on the premises, the landlord may in like manner obtain an attachment at any time after such removal or within thirty (30) days after such rent or other claim becomes due, and may levy the same on the effects so removed wherever they may be found and like proceedings shall be had thereon as in other cases. And if any tenant shall remove his agricultural products upon which there is a lien from the leased premises, the landlord may at any time have the same seized wherever they may be found, and like proceedings shall be had thereon as in other cases.

Miss. Code § 89-7-77

Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 56, art. 5(8); 1857, ch. 41, art. 4; 1871, § 1623; 1880, § 1305; 1892, § 2512; 1906, § 2849; Hemingway's 1917, § 2347; 1930, § 2199; 1942, § 921.

Section 89-7-79 - Goods removed, seized within thirty days

If any tenant shall at any time convey or carry off from the demised premises, his goods or chattels, leaving the rent, or any part thereof, or the sum owing for supplies, unpaid, the landlord or lessor, or his assigns, may, within thirty (30) days next after such conveying away or carrying off such goods or chattels, cause the same to be taken and seized wherever found, and the same to sell in like manner as if they had been distrained in or upon the demised premises. But goods or chattels, other than the agricultural products upon which there is a lien, so carried off and sold in good faith for a valuable consideration before seizure made, shall not be afterwards liable to be taken and seized for rent or supplies.

Miss. Code § 89-7-79

Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 56, art. 5(12); 1857, ch. 41, art. 5; 1871, § 1624; 1880, § 1306; 1892, § 2513; 1906, § 2850; Hemingway's 1917, § 2348; 1930, § 2200; 1942, § 922.

Section 89-7-81 - Distress may be made after termination of lease

Any person, or his executor, administrator, or assigns having rent in arrear upon any lease for life, years, or otherwise, ended and determined, or a claim for supplies, may distrain for such arrears, after the termination of the lease, in the same manner as if the same had not been determined; but the distress must be made within six (6) months after the termination of the lease, and during the continuance of the landlord's title or interest, and during the possession of the tenant from whom the arrears are due.

Miss. Code § 89-7-81

Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 56, art. 5(14); 1857, ch. 41, art. 7; 1871, § 1626; 1880, § 1308; 1892, § 2514; 1906, § 2852; Hemingway's 1917, § 2350; 1930, § 2201; 1942, § 923.

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Section 89-7-83 - Sale of goods stopped without bond

If the tenant shall make affidavit, before the officer holding his property under an attachment for rent or supplies alleged to be due or to become due, that he does not or will not owe the amount claimed, such officer shall not sell the property, unless it be liable to perish or greatly depreciate, or be expensive to keep, in which case he shall sell it and hold the proceeds to the end of the suit; and he shall return the attachment with the affidavit and a statement of his proceedings to the proper court, and shall summon the party who sued out the attachment to appear there; and further proceedings shall be had as if the tenant had replevied the goods by giving bond.

Miss. Code § 89-7-83

Codes, 1880, § 1316; 1892, § 2528; 1906, § 2866; Hemingway's 1917, § 2364; 1930, § 2202; 1942, § 924.

Section 89-7-85 - Distress to be reasonable, and property seized not to be removed from county

It shall not be lawful for any officer who may execute an attachment for rent or supplies to remove the property distrained or seized out of the county where the distress or seizure was made; and if any officer or other person shall so remove any property distrained or seized, he shall pay to the party aggrieved double the value of the property removed, to be recovered in an action. And, moreover, distresses and seizures shall in all cases be reasonable and not too great; and any officer who shall make an unreasonable distress or seizure, under color of law, shall be liable to the party aggrieved for double damages.

Miss. Code § 89-7-85

Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 56, art. 5(23); 1857, ch. 41, art. 8; 1871, § 1627; 1880, § 1309; 1892, § 2515; 1906, § 2853; Hemingway's 1917, § 2351; 1930, § 2203; 1942, § 925.

Section 89-7-87 - Irregularities not to affect distress

When any distress or seizure shall be made for rent or supplies justly due, and any irregularity or unlawful act shall afterwards be done by the officer distraining or seizing, the distress or seizure shall not, for that reason, be unlawful, nor the officer making or seizing it, or the party at whose instance the writ was issued, become a trespasser from the beginning, but the party aggrieved by such irregularity or unlawful act, may recover the special damage he may have sustained thereby. However, an action shall not be sustained if tender of amends be made by the party distraining before suit is brought.

Miss. Code § 89-7-87

Codes, 1880, § 1310; 1892, § 2516; 1906, § 2854; Hemingway's 1917, § 2352; 1930, § 2204; 1942, § 926.

Section 89-7-91 - Summons or publication for party distraining

In case of failure to summon in the first instance the party in whose name or right the distress was made, a summons may be issued for him by the clerk of the circuit court or justice of the peace; and if he cannot be found, publication may be made as in attachment cases.

Miss. Code § 89-7-91

Codes, 1880, § 1313; 1892, § 2520; 1906, § 2858; Hemingway's 1917, § 2356; 1930, § 2206; 1942, § 928.

Section 89-7-93 - Form of replevin-bond

The tenant's replevin-bond, or that of a claimant, may be in the following form, viz.:

"We, ___________, principal, and ___________ and ___________, sureties, bind ourselves to pay ___________ the sum of ___________ dollars [double the value of the goods and chattels, if that be less than the rent claimed], unless the said ___________ shall prosecute his suit against the said ___________ for certain goods and chattels, to wit: Eight bales of cotton [or whatever is distrained], distrained for rent [or supplies, or both, as the case may be] by virtue of an attachment in favor of ___________ against ___________, issued by ___________, a justice of the peace of ___________ County, and now here restored to the said ___________, and shall perform the judgment of the court in such suit in case he shall fail therein.

"Witness our hands, the ___________ day of ___________, A.D. ___________.

"___________,

"___________,

"___________."

"I approve the foregoing bond, this ___________ day of ___________, A.D. ___________.

"___________"

Miss. Code § 89-7-93

Codes, 1880, § 1353; 1892, § 2519; 1906, § 2857; Hemingway's 1917, § 2355; 1930, § 2207; 1942, § 929.

Section 89-7-95 - Party replevying to propound claim

By the first day of the next term of the court to which such replevy-bond and attachment shall have been returned, or afterwards, if longer time be granted by the court, the party who replevied the property shall file either a motion to quash the attachment proceedings or his declaration in replevin, if in the circuit court, or appear and prosecute his claim, if in a justice's court, against the party in whose name or right the distress or seizure was made. Such party shall make defense, and if the attachment proceeding be quashed it may be amended. A tenant may file his declaration after a motion to quash shall have been denied, and the cause shall proceed to an issue and trial; and if upon trial it be found that the sum for rent or supplies was due, in whole or part, and that the distress was lawfully made, the landlord shall have judgment against the obligors in the replevy-bond for a return of the property replevied, or its value, to an amount sufficient to pay the sum found due, with interest and costs of suit. If the property replevied be restored, it shall be sold to satisfy the judgment, and if it be not sufficient, execution shall go against the party replevying for the residue.

Miss. Code § 89-7-95

Codes, 1880, § 1314; 1892, § 2521; 1906, § 2859; Hemingway's 1917, § 2357; 1930, § 2208; 1942, § 930.

Section 89-7-97 - Form of declaration

The declaration in replevin in such case may be substantially in the following form, to wit:

"State of Mississippi.

Circuit court, ___________ term, A.D. ___________

County of ___________

"Thomas East, the plaintiff in this case, complains of William West, the defendant, in an action of replevin.

"For that heretofore, to wit: on the ___________ day of ___________, A.D. ___________, the said defendant wrongfully caused an officer of ___________ County to seize and take from the plaintiff's possession, under an attachment for rent [or rent and supplies, or for supplies, as the case may be], certain personal property of the plaintiff's, to wit: here describe the property and give the value of each separate item of it.

"And the plaintiff avers that he is entitled to recover the same and also to recover of defendant the sum of ___________ dollars damages for the said wrongful taking; wherefore, he sues and demands judgment accordingly, and costs of suit."

Miss. Code § 89-7-97

Codes, 1892, § 2522; 1906, § 2860; Hemingway's 1917, § 2358; 1930, § 2209; 1942, § 931.

Section 89-7-99 - Pleas to the declaration

The only pleas to a declaration in replevin shall be either, first, a denial that the goods were seized on demand or at the plaint of the defendant; or, second, an avowry that they were rightfully seized for rent or supplies, or both, due and in arrear, or to become due. The two pleas can only be pleaded together when each is to only a part of the declaration and relates to separate portions of the property. The first of said pleas shall be substantially to the following effect, to wit:

"Thomas East

v. Circuit court, ___________ County.

William West.

"Now comes the defendant, William West, and for plea to plaintiff's declaration, says: It is not true that he caused an officer of ___________ County to seize and take from plaintiff, Thomas East, under an attachment for rent, the possession of the property, or any part of it, described in the said declaration; and of this the defendant puts himself upon the country."

On the trial of this plea the burden of proof shall be on the plaintiff.

Miss. Code § 89-7-99

Codes, 1892, § 2523; 1906, § 2861; Hemingway's 1917, § 2359; 1930, § 2210; 1942, § 932.

Section 89-7-101 - The avowry

The avowry shall be substantially to the following effect, to wit:

"Thomas East

v. Circuit court, ___________ County.

William West.

"And now comes the defendant, William West, and for plea to plaintiff's declaration he says: True it is that he caused the property described in the plaintiff's declaration to be seized; but the seizure was not wrongful, because he says that before the said seizure defendant was the plaintiff's landlord; that he, the defendant, as landlord, leased to the plaintiff, as tenant, certain premises in said county, to wit: [here describe the leased premises] for the term beginning on the ___________ day of ___________, A.D. ___________, and ending on the ___________ day of ___________, A.D. ___________; that at the time of the said seizure the plaintiff, as tenant, was indebted to defendant, as landlord, in the sum of ___________ dollars, for rent of said premises and for supplies furnished his said tenant by this defendant [or for rent alone or supplies alone, as the case may be]. An itemized account or statement of said indebtedness is herewith filed [or the note or writing evidencing said debt, as the case may be], and the said debt became due on the ___________ day of ___________, A.D. ___________, and the said seizure was made to satisfy the sum so due; and this the defendant is ready to verify."

If the avowry be for a sum to become due, strike out from the form all after the last parenthesis, and insert in lieu thereof the following, viz.: "Which said indebtedness will become due on the ___________ day of ___________, A.D. ___________, and defendant had just cause to suspect, and verily believed, that the plaintiff would remove his effects, or some part of the agricultural products raised thereon, from the leased premises before the expiration of his term, or before the said debt would become due, so that distress could not be made, and the said seizure was made to satisfy the said sum. This the defendant is ready to verify."

Miss. Code § 89-7-101

Codes, 1892, § 2524; 1906, § 2862; Hemingway's 1917, § 2360; 1930, § 2211; 1942, § 933.

Section 89-7-103 - The replication

If the avowry be for rent and supplies, or either, claimed to be due and in arrears, the replication by the plaintiff shall be substantially in the following form, viz.:

"Thomas East

v. Circuit court, ___________ County.

William West.

"And the plaintiff, for replication, says he was not indebted to the defendant as stated in his said avowry; and of this the plaintiff puts himself upon the country."

Miss. Code § 89-7-103

Codes, 1892, § 2525; 1906, § 2863; Hemingway's 1917, § 2361; 1930, § 2212; 1942, § 934.

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Section 89-7-105 - Replication in case rent not due

If the avowry be a claim for rent or supplies, or both, to become due, the plaintiff shall reply either that he was not indebted, as in the form last above, or he may reply in substance as in the following form, viz.:

"Thomas East

v. Circuit court, ___________ County.

William West.

"And the plaintiff, for replication, says that the defendant did not have just cause to suspect and verily believe that the plaintiff would remove his effects, or some part of the agricultural products raised thereon, from the leased premises before the expiration of his term or before the said debt would become due, so that distress could not be made; and of this plaintiff puts himself upon the country."

The plaintiff may, in proper case, unite the said replications, or he may reply any other facts constituting a legal answer.

And on the trial of an issue on an avowry, the burden of proof shall be on the avowant, the landlord, and he shall have the right to open and conclude the argument.

Miss. Code § 89-7-105

Codes, 1892, § 2526; 1906, § 2864; Hemingway's 1917, § 2362; 1930, § 2213; 1942, § 935.

Section 89-7-107 - Replevin; when triable, and judgment upon default

Suits by the tenant or a third person replevying the property, shall be triable at the first term of the court; and in either case, if the party replevying shall make default or fail to prosecute his suit, like judgment shall be entered against him and the sureties on the bond as upon an issue found against him on trial, and a new replevin or writ of second deliverance shall not be allowed.

Miss. Code § 89-7-107

Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 56, art. 5 (17); 1857, ch. 41, art. 13; 1871, § 1632; 1880, § 1320; 1892, § 2535; 1906, § 2873; Hemingway's 1917, § 2371; 1930, § 2214; 1942, § 936.

Section 89-7-109 - Suit revived in case of death of party

If either party to such replevin or other action growing out of an attachment for rent or supplies, die pending the same, the suit may be revived for or against the representatives of the deceased party as other actions that survive may be revived.

Miss. Code § 89-7-109

Codes, 1857, ch. 41, art. 25; 1871, § 1644; 1880, § 1321; 1892, § 2536; 1906, § 2874; Hemingway's 1917, § 2372; 1930, § 2215; 1942, § 937.

Section 89-7-111 - Judgment if trial results against lessor

If the trial of suit result in favor of the party replevying the property, the judgment shall be that he retain it, and recover of the party in whose name or right such distress was sued out damages for the wrongful suing out of the attachment. Thereupon scire facias may be issued to the sureties on the attachment-bond to appear at the next term of the court to show cause against a judgment being given against them for the amount of the judgment for damages against their principal, not to exceed the penalty of their bond; and if cause be not affirmatively shown, judgment shall be rendered against them.

Miss. Code § 89-7-111

Codes, 1880, § 1315; 1892, § 2527; 1906, § 2864; Hemingway's 1917, § 2363; 1930, § 2216; 1942, § 938.

Section 89-7-113 - Papers transferred, if returned to wrong court

If the papers, in case of a replevin of property, be returned to the wrong court, they shall be transferred to the proper court, and the case be there proceeded with as if they had been returned to that court in the first instance.

Miss. Code § 89-7-113

Codes, 1880, § 1319; 1892, § 2534; 1906, § 2872; Hemingway's 1917, § 2370; 1930, § 2217; 1942, § 939.

Section 89-7-115 - Tenant's remedy against landlord

If any distress or seizure and sale be made under color of law for rent or supplies pretended to be due and in arrear, where, in truth, no rent or sum for supplies is due or owing to the party causing the distress or seizure to be made, then the owner of the agricultural products or other property so taken and sold, his executor or administrator, shall have remedy by action against the person in whose name or right such property was taken, his executor or administrator, and shall recover double the value of the property, with costs, or may put the bond of the plaintiff in suit to recover damages for the wrongful suing out of the writ, and shall recover therein double the value of the property, if the penalty of the bond amount to so much.

Miss. Code § 89-7-115

Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 56, art. 5 (5); 1857, ch. 41, art. 10; 1871, § 1629; 1880, § 1311; 1892, § 2517; 1906, § 2855; Hemingway's 1917, § 2353; 1930, § 2218; 1942, § 940.

Section 89-7-117 - Property of strangers not liable

Property, except agricultural products on which there is a lien for rent, found or being on any demised premises, not belonging to the tenant or to some person bound or liable for the rent of such premises, shall not be liable to be distrained for rent; but if the tenant or other person liable for the rent have a limited interest in the property, the same may be distrained, and the interest therein of the tenant or person liable for the rent may be sold.

Miss. Code § 89-7-117

Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 56, art. 5 (10); 1857, ch. 41, art. 12; 1871, § 1631; 1880, § 1317; 1892, § 2529; 1906, § 2867; Hemingway's 1917, § 2365; 1930, § 2219; 1942, § 941.

Section 89-7-119 - Replevin of property by strangers

When any person other than the tenant shall claim to be the owner of any property distrained or seized for rent or supplies, he may make affidavit that said property is his, and not the property of the tenant, and not held to the use of the tenant in any manner whatever, and is not liable to such distress or seizure. If he desire immediate possession of said property, he shall give bond, with sufficient sureties, in the manner directed for the tenant, and such affidavit and bond shall be delivered to the officer who made the distress, who shall deliver the property to the claimant. Such claim may be interposed without giving bond, and the same proceedings shall be had thereon, except that the property claimed shall not be delivered to the claimant, but shall be disposed of as in the case of replevy by the tenant. Upon such claim being made, the landlord may release the property so claimed and forthwith distrain or seize other property in lieu thereof.

Miss. Code § 89-7-119

Codes, Hutchinson's 1848, ch. 56, art. 5 (10, 16); 1857, ch. 41, art. 12; 1871, § 1631; 1880, § 1317; 1892, § 2530; 1906, § 2868; Hemingway's 1917, § 2366; 1930, § 2220; 1942, § 942.

Section 89-7-121 - Form of affidavit by third person

The affidavit by a third person claiming property distrained or seized for rent or supplies may be in the following form, to wit:

"State of Mississippi,

___________ County.

"Before me, ___________, a justice of the peace of the said county, ___________ makes oath that certain property to wit: eight bales of cotton [or whatever the property may be], distrained for rent by ___________, a constable of said county, by virtue of an attachment for rent in favor of ___________ against ___________, are the property of affiant and not the property of ___________, nor held in trust for his use, in any manner whatsoever; and are not liable to such distress.

"Sworn to and subscribed before me, the ___________ day of ___________, A.D.

"___________, J.P."

Miss. Code § 89-7-121

Codes, 1892, § 2532; 1906, § 2870; Hemingway's 1917, § 2368; 1930, § 2221; 1942, § 943.

Section 89-7-123 - Proceedings to be as in replevin by tenant

The affidavit may be made before the officer having the property, and he shall make return of it and of the bond, if any, and the attachment papers, and summon the other party, as required in case of a replevin by the tenant; and the claimant replevying the property shall prosecute his suit against the party in whose name or right it was attached, in all respects as the tenant is required to do; and the pleadings and proceedings shall be conformed so as to present the proper issues.

Miss. Code § 89-7-123

Codes, 1857, ch. 41, art. 12; 1871, § 1631; 1880, § 1318; 1892, § 2533; 1906, § 2871; Hemingway's 1917, § 2360; 1930, § 2222; 1942, § 944.

Section 89-7-125 - Burden of proof

On the trial of the issue between the landlord and such claimant, the burden of proof to show ownership in the property shall be on the claimant.

Miss. Code § 89-7-125

Codes, 1892, § 2531; 1906, § 2869; Hemingway's 1917, § 2367; 1930, § 2223; 1942, § 945.